Optical Illusions

If you count carefully the number of people before the tiles scramble and after that, you will see that one person disappears. Can you explain how this is possible?

Similarly, on this picture it looks like after changing the places of the tiles on the diagram, their total area decreases by one. Can you explain this?


If you look carefully, you will notice that every person on the picture with 12 people is slightly taller than his corresponding person on the picture with 13 people. Basically, we can cut little pieces from 12 different people without making noticeable changes and arrange them into a new person.

For the second question, none of the shapes before and after the scrambling is really a triangle. One of them is a little bit curved in at the hypothenuse and at the other one is a little bit curved out. This is barely noticeable, because the red and the blue triangle have very similar proportions of their sides - 5/2 ~ 7/3.