Non-Transitive Dice

This is a non-transitive dice set, i.e. every dice in it is weaker than some other dice. Can you design a non-transitive set with only 3 dice?

Remark: “Weaker” means that it loses more often than it wins.

The simplest solution is given by:

2, 2, 4, 4, 9, 9;
1, 1, 6, 6, 8, 8;
3, 3, 5, 5, 7, 7.

Another solution is given by the so-called “Miwin’s dice”. They are as follows:

1, 1, 3, 5, 5, 6;
2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5;
1, 2, 2, 4, 6, 6.

Prank the Professors

Three professors fell asleep under a tree. At some point a prankster passed by and painted their faces with black dye. When the professors woke up, each of them saw the others’ faces and started laughing at them. After a while though, they stopped laughing, realizing that their own faces were painted as well. How did they deduce that?

Let us denote the professors with A, B and C. The thought process of A would go like this: “If my face is not painted, then B will see that C is laughing at him and will realize immediately that he is being pranked. However, B was laughing for a while and therefore my I must being pranked as well.”. Then A will stop laughing and the same will happen with the other two professors B and C.

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