Heaven or Hell

After you die, you somehow appear in a mystical room, which has two doors in it. In front of each door, there is a keeper – one of them always lying, the other one always telling the truth. If you enter the door of the lying keeper, you go straight to Hell. If you enter the door of the truthful keeper, you go straight to Heaven. You can ask one of the keepers whatever question you want (you don’t know which keeper is lying and which is truthful). What should you ask in order to go to Heaven?

You can point your finger to one of the two rooms and ask any of the keepers the question “If I ask the other keeper whether this room leads to Heaven, would he say YES?”. If the answer is NO, go through that door, if the answer is YES, go through the other one.

Camping Challenge

Look carefully at the picture below and answer the questions.

1. How many tourists are staying at this camp?
2. When did they arrive: today or a few days ago?
3. How did they get here?
4. How far away is the closest village?
5. Where does the wind blow: from the north or from the south?
6. What time of day is it?
7. Where did Alex go?
8. Who was on duty yesterday? (Give their name)
9. What day is it today?

1. There are 4 people.
2. They arrived a few days ago, enough so that a spider web can appear on the tent.
3. Judging by the paddles, they got there with boats.
4. There is a hen walking around the camp, so the closest village is not far away.
5. The leaves of the trees are larger at the south side, so the wind must be blowing from the South.
6. The shadow is pointing towards West, so it must be morning.
7. Alex went to catch butterflies.
8. Since Peter is on duty today – cooking food for the group, it was Colin on duty yesterday.
9. Today is August 8. Watermelons ripen in August.

Drown or Burn

The ship you are traveling on crashes and you somehow succeed to reach the shores of an island. On this island however, a cruel tribe resides and decides to murder you. The tribals can not agree on how to do this, so they decide that if the first sentence you say is a lie, they will drown you, and if it is a truth, they will burn you. Luckily, you hear their conversation and come up with a plan. What do you tell them?

You can tell them “You will drown me”. This will result in a paradox – if your sentence is true, then they will drown you, but on the other hand will be forced to burn you, which is a contradiction. Similarly if your sentence if false. Therefore they will not have a choice except to give up on their plan.

Ambiguous Clock

The hands of my alarm clock are indistinguishable. How many times throughout the day their positioning is such that one cannot figure out which is the hour hand and which is the minute hand?

Remark: AM-PM is not important.

Imagine that you have a third hand which moves 12 times as fast as the minute hand. Then, at any time, if the hour hand moves to the location of the minute hand, the minute hand will move to the location of the imaginary hand. Therefore, our task is to find the number of times during the day when the hour hand and the imaginary hand are on top of each other, and the minute hand is not.

Since the imaginary hand moves 144 times faster than the hour hand, the two hands are on top of each other exactly 143 times between 12AM and 12PM. Out of these 143 times, 11 times all three arrows are on top of each other. Therefore, we have 2 × (143 – 11) = 264 times when we cannot figure out the exact time during the entire 24-hour cycle.