Prank the Professors

Three professors fell asleep under a tree. At some point a prankster passed by and painted their faces with black dye. When the professors woke up, each of them saw the others’ faces and started laughing at them. After a while though, they stopped laughing, realizing that their own faces were painted as well. How did they deduce that?

Let us denote the professors with A, B and C. The thought process of A would go like this: “If my face is not painted, then B will see that C is laughing at him and will realize immediately that he is being pranked. However, B was laughing for a while and therefore my I must being pranked as well.”. Then A will stop laughing and the same will happen with the other two professors B and C.

Guess the Fruits

You are given 3 boxes – one labeled “Apples”, one labeled “Bananas”, and one labeled “Apples and Bananas”. You are told that the labels on the boxes have been completely mismatched, i.e. none of the three labels is put on its correct box. How can you open just one box and pick a random fruit from it, so that after seeing the fruit, you can guess correctly the contents of every box out of the three?

Open the box labeled “Apples and Bananas”. If you pick a banana from it, then the box labeled “Bananas” will contain apples, and therefore the box labeled “Apples” will contain apples and bananas. Similarly, if you pick an apple from it, then the box labeled “Apples” will contain bananas, and therefore the box labeled “Bananas” will contain apples and bananas”.